Stafford, Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham

(1402–1460)
   Humphrey Stafford, duke of Buckingham,was one of the wealthiest magnates and largest landowners in fifteenth-century England, as STAFFORD, HUMPHREY, DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM 253 well as a force for political moderation in the early stages of the WARS OF THE ROSES. Stafford was only a year old when his father’s death at the Battle of Shrewsbury made him earl of Stafford. From his mother, a granddaughter of Edward III, Stafford inherited royal blood and extensive estates. In 1421, Henry V knighted Stafford for his military service in FRANCE, and, by 1424, the young earl was a prominent member of HENRY VI’s regency COUNCIL. Traveling abroad with the king in 1430, Stafford was appointed constable of France and governor of Paris. He participated in several French campaigns in the 1430s and was named captain of CALAIS in 1442. Created duke of Buckingham in 1444, he took a lead role over the next two years in the peace negotiations with France. Although related to both Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, and Edmund BEAUFORT, duke of Somerset, and married to a sister of Richard NEVILLE, earl of Salisbury, Buckingham associated himself with neither the Lancastrian nor the Yorkist faction in the 1450s. He disliked York’s ambition but opposed the imposition of a severe punishment on York after his submission following the DARTFORD UPRISING in 1452, and he cooperated with the duke during his FIRST PROTECTORATE in 1454. In 1455, Buckingham commanded the royal army at the Battle of ST.ALBANS, where he refused to surrender Somerset to York and negotiated unsuccessfully for a peaceful settlement. He stayed with the king during the ensuing battle and was wounded in the face by an arrow. Buckingham again worked with York in the years after St. Albans, but his fundamental loyalty was to Henry VI, and he stood with the king when hostilities broke out in 1459. Buckingham was with the royal army at the Battle of LUDFORD BRIDGE and attended the COVENTRY PARLIAMENT at which York and his Neville allies were attainted of treason (see Attainder, Act of). In July 1460, the duke commanded the royal army at NORTHAMPTON, and repeatedly turned away messengers from Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, who were seeking to arrange an audience for Warwick with the king. When the Yorkists overwhelmed the Lancastrian line, Buckingham was one of the peers who were slain defending the royal person. He had probably been marked for destruction by the Yorkists, as Somerset had been at the Battle of St. Albans; by 1460, the worsening civil conflict had moved beyond the policy of moderation and reconciliation that Buckingham represented.
   See also other entries under Stafford
   Further Reading: Griffiths, Ralph A., The Reign of King Henry VI (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981);“Humphrey Stafford,” in Michael Hicks, Who’s Who in Late Medieval England (London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1991), pp. 287–289; Rawcliffe, Carole, The Staffords: Earls of Stafford and Dukes of Buckingham, 1394-1521 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stafford, Henry, Duke of Buckingham — (c. 1454–1483)    Henry Stafford, duke of Buckingham, was instrumental in ensuring the success of RICHARD III’s usurpation of the throne in 1483, an act that revived the WARS OF THE ROSES.    A grandson of both Humphrey STAFFORD, duke of… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham — KG (15 August 1402 ndash; 10 July 1460) was best known as a military commander in the Hundred Years War and in the Wars of the Roses. Early life He was born at Stafford, Staffordshire, England, the son of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford and …   Wikipedia

  • Humphrey Stafford, 1. Duke of Buckingham — (* 15. August 1402 in Stafford; † 10. Juli 1460 in der Schlacht von Northampton) war ein englischer Adliger. Seine Eltern waren Edmund Stafford, 5. Earl of Stafford (* 2. März 1378; † 21. Juli 1403), und Anne of Gloucester, eine Enkelin Eduards… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham — (4 September 1455 ndash; 2 November 1483) played a major role in Richard III of England s rise and fall. He is also one of the primary suspects in the disappearance (and presumed murder) of the Princes in the Tower. Buckingham was related to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Stafford, 2. Duke of Buckingham — Henry Stafford, 2. Duke of Buckingham. Henry Stafford, 2. Duke of Buckingham (* 4. September 1455; † 2. November 1483) war ein englischer Adliger. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke of Buckingham — Not to be confused with Earl of Buckinghamshire. The titles Marquess and Duke of Buckingham, referring to Buckingham, have been created several times in the peerages of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom. There have also been Earls of …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Buckingham — Die Titel Marquess und Duke of Buckingham bezüglich Buckingham wurden als Adelstitel von England, Großbritannien und dem Vereinigten Königreich mehrmals vergeben. Zudem gab es auch Earls of Buckingham. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Duke of Buckingham,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Buckingham, Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of, Earl Of Stafford, Earl Of Buckingham, Baron Stafford, Comte De Perche — ▪ English noble born Aug. 15, 1402 died July 10, 1460, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng.       Lancastrian prominent in the Hundred Years War in France and the Wars of the Roses in England.       He became 6th Earl of Stafford when only a year… …   Universalium

  • Duke of Buckingham — Duc de Buckingham Les titres de marquis et de duc de Buckingham, dénommés d après la ville de Buckingham dans le comté du Buckinghamshire en Angleterre, ont été créés plusieurs fois dans les pairies d Angleterre, de Grande Bretagne et du Royaume… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Stafford — Humphrey Stafford (* um 1424; † um 1459[1]) war ein Angehöriger einer Familie des englischen Hochadels. Er war unter dem Höflichkeitstitel Earl of Stafford bekannt. Leben Staffords Eltern waren Humphrey Stafford, 1. Duke of Buckingham, und Anne… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.